"Colorni believed that doubt was creative because it allowed for alternative ways to see the world, and seeing alternatives could steer people out of intractable circles and self-feeding despondency. Doubt, in fact, could motivate: freedom from ideological constraints opened up political strategies, and accepting the limits of what one could know liberated agents from their dependence on the belief that one had to know everything before acting, that conviction was a precondition for action."
-From The Odyssey of Albert O. Hirschman” (Princeton), by the Princeton historian Jeremy Adelman
Eugenio Colorni was the brother-in-law of influential economist Albert Hirschman and a big influence in his life. I'd never heard of Hirschman until reading this article by Malcolm Gladwell. I can relate to his fascination with so many different topics, eagerness to experiment, and geographically transient tendencies. His warm acceptance of risk and doubt seem rooted in a humility that allowed him to comfortably accept the fact that he could be wrong or unsuccessful. When his curiosity birthed intelligent questions, this attitude allowed him to fearlessly explore possibilities. He accepted the fact that there were limits to what he could know and understand, and that allowed him to test those limits.
As a Christian, Colorni's take on doubt got me thinking. I used to view doubt, and certainly the admission of it, as weakness- something I wouldn't dare admit to others or even subtly reveal through questions asked in Sunday School. Over time, however, I've come to view doubt as more virtuous than delusion. Pastors who are secure enough in their faith to say "I'm not sure, but here's what I think and why. . ." instead of pretending they know, or avoiding hard questions altogether for the sake of unity (as if doubt is a communicable and spiritually terminal illness) stand out among many shepherds more motivated by fear of "wolves" and pride in numbers. Even issues for which we won't come to a definite conclusion before the end of the world as we know it make great conversation! Just don't pretend that your take on Revelation is golden, because it's not.
Every believer's soul is a custom collage of personal experiences, traditions,
stigmas, superstitions, self-righteous hangups, unfounded convictions,
goose-bumping 7-11 songs, denominational by-laws, cultural
Christianese, Christian self-help lit, and an assortment of scriptural
interpretations and misinterpretations in and out of cultural and literal context. Even with that in mind, there's hardly anything more humbling, frightening, or liberating than to accept the fact that one's personal abstract composition of dogma/theology/spirituality is not God's Comprehensive Manifesto of Objective Truth. Conversely, little is as cozily insulating, arrogant, divisive, or socially paralyzing as pretending that it is.
Does it take more faith for a Christian to attend church services three times a week, or to read and seriously weigh the thoughts and studies of Nietzsche, Ehrman, Dawkins,or Hitchens? The former would indicate loyalty or devotion to a body of believers- good and healthy things, but I believe the latter would require more faith. If one refuses to expose themselves to opposing viewpoints out of fear that their foundational beliefs could be uprooted (that is, the fear of doubt itself), are they really beliefs at all? Maybe religion is just their security blanket woven from principles cherry-picked to live by that could go up in flames at the first spark of contradictory reasoning. It's near impossible to truly believe in anything that one can't earnestly defend. There's something to be said for familiarizing ourselves with differing viewpoints from the horses mouths (or pens) rather than haughtily focusing only on the smoldering straw-men propped and flopped in literature written by, written for, and marketed to believers.
Have the courage to consider things that a country-club church wouldn't dare sell in its bookstore. When you get theologically frisky, do it prayerfully. Approach it all as a respectful, doubtful skeptic. It's very possible to find concepts that can't be proven, or that you don't agree with, intriguing and worthy of discussion without being utterly corrupted by them. Actually believing (or disbelieving) something just because one likes (or hates) the way it sounds is just as stupid as believing something because a Christian rock-star sang it at a youth conference.
The spectrum of
Christian perspectives isn't as confined or well-manicured as you might
think. For a revolutionary take on what a church planted by the Apostle Paul
might look like as opposed to the often heavily commercialized
institutions, consider Frank Viola's Pagan Christianity.
If you doubt that one person can sport a backbone, a heart, and an
unapologetic stance with regard to the Bible, be inspired (or offended)
by Douglas Wilson. Explore the frontiers of faith (cautiously!) with some wild perspectives on emergent theology with the Homebrewed Christianity podcast, or be dazzled by a more mainstream and systematic approach to hard questions with Ravi Zacharias. You might think Rob Bell
has grown horns and a tail by the way he's been smeared by mainstream evangelicals over the past few years, but read his work and decide for yourself. Ignorance never saved anyone.
Letting newly discovered ideas inflate the ego and make one feel superior to the seemingly less-enlightened can be a trip hazard to avoid. There's something in all of us that wants to belong to a movement bigger than ourselves, and at the same time remain distinctly set apart in some way. Adopting a provocative stance just to ruffle the feathers of others within your circle can be a sub-consciously tempting means of achieving such a position. I believe that the realization of so many different takes on the same scriptures and the countless lines in the sands of grace between perceived legalism and lawlessness should have quite the opposite effect. Opening one's eyes to see a personal black-and-white theology fade to gray in a sea of credible interpretations based on the same texts doesn't typically puff up.
Accepting that the truth as we understand it will never fully come to terms with Truth as it stands should be humbling. The overwhelming realization of our limited capacity for understanding can ultimately anchor hearts adrift in a sea of religious and philosophical ideas to the cross of Jesus Christ. Grace is our only hope, love is the final answer, the rest is just fascinating.
The core of my faith can be simple and unwavering, while the rest evolves with discipleship, maturity, revelation, etc. There are countless "truths" that I consciously and subconsciously believe, but I'm more comfortable than ever before with the fact that believing isn't knowing. If there's anything I'm sure of, thankfully, it's that if God's grace is enough to forgive my misdeeds, it will certainly cover my misunderstandings.